Five years into the amendment of the Mines and Minerals (Development & Regulation) Act and enunciation of Mineral Auction Rules in 2015, mining leases (ML) have been executed for only five mineral blocks.
What’s disquieting is that all are brownfield blocks and no virgin block has been opened up for mining yet.
This is in glaring contrast to the pace of mineral concessions awarded and MLs executed in the pre-auction regime. In its latest publication titled ‘Indian Mining: A Synopsis’, Federation of Indian Mineral Industries (Fimi) notes that before introduction of auctions to award mineral assets, 2754 MLs were executed between 2006 and 2010, most of which were greenfield blocks. Though the count dwindled in the period from 2010 to 2014, still 494 ML deeds were executed.
To this date, 70 freehold or virgin mineral blocks across states have been put to online auctions since 2015-16. The estimated value of these resources is Rs 2.52 trillion and the host states are tipped to gain total revenue worth Rs 2.02 trillion over the lease period spanning 50 years. But, the euphoria on auctions has not generated the alacrity on getting these blocks mining ready.
“What has held back the opening of the virgin mineral blocks is the labyrinth of clearances that the new lesses have to obtain. Though the Union government has set up the Post-Auction Mining Clearances and Approvals Facilitator (PAMCAF), an inter-ministerial group to hasten clearances, it hasn’t proved to be of much help. And, in some case, there have been unexpected problems cropping up like successful bidding firms turning insolvent”, said a mining industry source.
In Odisha, the first three iron ore blocks to be successfully auctioned – Ghoraburhani-Sagasahi, Kamalang (West) and Netrabandha Pahar have gone to companies that turned bankrupt and were admitted to the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT).
Of the three, the resolution of Essar Steel and Bhushan Steel Ltd (BSL) have been completed under an NCLT monitored process. The other firm – Bhushan Power & Steel Ltd (BPSL) in still in the throes of insolvency resolution.