Though economic slowdown kept India and other major economies on a halt in 2019, there is one area that had reasons to cheer. Emissions growth in India was moderate in 2019, with CO2 emissions from the power sector declining slightly as electricity demand was broadly stable.
The strong renewables growth also prompted coal-fired electricity generation to fall for the first time since 1973, according to the latest report by the International Energy Agency (IEA). However, the continued growth in fossil-fuel demand in other sectors of the Indian economy, notably transport, offset the decline in the power sector.
In the global context, while the emissions grew strongly in Southeast Asia, lifted by robust coal demand, the global CO2 emissions from coal use declined by almost 200 million tonnes (MT), or 1.3%, from 2018 levels, offsetting increases in emissions from oil and natural gas.
Advanced economies saw their emissions decline by over 370 MT (or 3.2%), with the power sector responsible for 85 per cent of the drop.