Indian Railways prioritises safety of passengers! In a bid to enhance the safety of passengers, Piyush Goyal-led Railway Ministry has taken several significant measures. According to a written reply in Lok Sabha by Piyush Goyal, various steps have been undertaken to prevent accidents on tracks and also to combat low visibility due to foggy weather in winter months.
With the elimination of unmanned level crossings, GPS-enabled FOG PASS devices and more, the measures which have been taken to prevent accidents on rail tracks across the Indian Railways network are as follows:
- Rashtriya Rail Sanraksha Kosh (RRSK): In the year 2017-2018, the RRSK was introduced for the replacement, renewal and upgradation of critical safety assets, with a corpus of Rs 1 lakh crore for a period of five years, having an annual outlay of Rs 20,000 crore.
- Electronic Interlocking Systems: The electrical interlocking system with a centralized operation of points and signals have been provided in order to eliminate accidents due to human failure and also to replace the old mechanical systems. These systems have been provided at as many as 6,010 railway stations till March 31, 2019.
- Train Protection and Warning System: The TPWS or the train protection and warning system based on the european technology level-1 have been installed for the Automatic Train Protection (ATP) in order to avoid train accident, collisions on account of human error or due to over speeding. This has been provided at selected railway sections.
- Elimination of Unmanned Level Crossing (UMLC) Gates: As many as 3,479 unmanned level crossings (UMLCs) were eliminated during the year 2018-2019. All of the UMLCs on the broad gauge have already been eliminated through closure or merger provision of the subway for the safety measures.
- Vigilance Control Device : All of the diesel and electric locomotives operating on the Indian Railways network have been provided with the Vigilance Control Devices (VCDs)
- Linke Hofmann Busch (LHB) Coaches: The LHB type coaches consist of a stronger design which decreases the chances of derailment and reduces the possibilities of injury or deaths in the case of accidents. The Indian Railways network has completely switched over to the manufacture of LHB coaches from the year 2018-2019 onwards.
Apart from these, the following steps have been taken to combat the low visibility conditions during the winter months: