The International Energy Agency (IEA) set out an energy sector roadmap on Thursday for governments to spur economic growth and cut carbon emissions that would require a $1 trillion annual investment over the next three years.
In a study carried out with the International Monetary Fund, the IEA said that by integrating energy policies into government responses to the economic fallout caused by the coronavirus crisis, the deployment of clean energy technologies could be accelerated.
Global energy investment is on track for plunge of 20 per cent this year. Last year, the global energy industry employed around 40 million people but 3 million of those jobs have been lost or are at risk due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
The IEA sustainable recovery plan is based on assessments of more than 30 specific energy policy measures and spans six sectors – electricity, transport, industry, buildings, fuels and emerging low-carbon technologies.
The IEA said it could boost global economic growth by an average of 1.1 percentage points a year over 2021 to 2023.