Dr. Kakodkar, a Padma Vibhushan awardee and a former Chairman of Atomic Energy Commission and Chairman of Rajiv Gandhi Science & Technology Commission, was speaking during his online lockdown lecture organised by Nehru Science Centre, Mumbai on the occasion of National Technology Day.
During his speech, he talked about the correlation between Human Development Index (HDI) and per capita energy consumption globally, and as per the statistics, countries with higher HDI where citizens enjoy high quality of life have higher per capita consumption of energy.
However, for the developing countries like India “the need of the hour is to strike a balance between enhancing the quality of human life as well as keeping a control over the climate crisis,” he said.
Dr. Kakodkar by citing an example of a report of an Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change, said that “staying below 1.5-degree increase in 2,100 will require cuts in Green House Gas (GHG) emissions of 45 percent below 2010 levels by 2030 and to net-zero by 2050”. He emphasized that it means we have only 10 years left to realise deep CO2 emission cuts while ensuring the development aspirations of many countries globally.
The scientist further suggested that to achieve this, the world has to act now by leveraging available and rapidly deployable technologies.