Indian Railways and its Mission Zero Accident: Over the last few years, the number of train accidents has declined significantly! According to Railway Ministry, the number of passengers who lost their lives in consequential train accidents were 67 in 2009-10, 235 in 2010-11, 100 in 2011-12, 61 in 2012-13, 42 in 2013-14, 118 in 2014-15, 40 in 2015-16, 195 in 2016-17, 28 in 2017-18, 16 in 2018-19, 0 in 2019-20 (up to 6 March 2020). In a written reply in Lok Sabha, Piyush Goyal recently said the Mission Zero Accident, a mission of Indian Railways was announced in the Railway Budget 2016-17. It has two sub-missions, which are as follows:
- Complete elimination of unmanned level crossings over broad gauge network in the next three to four years.
- Developing an indigenous technology, Train Collision Avoidance System (TCAS) to prevent collisions and signal passing at danger by the Loco Pilot as well as to increase throughput by increasing the average sectional speed on Indian Railways network.
According to the Railway Minister, all unmanned level crossings have already been eliminated on the Broad Gauge network in January 2019. Also, Indian Railways has developed Train Collision Avoidance System in association with Indian manufacturers. The TCAS has been installed on South Central Railways’ Lingampalli – Vikarabad – Wadi, and Vikarabad – Bidar sections (250 route kilometres). Currently, the TCAS is under implementation on South Central Railways’ 1199 route kilometres.