Coal based power plants worth 62 gigawatt of capacity are currently under various stages of construction in the country, according to the data shared by Minister of State (MoS), Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC), Babul Supriyo in parliament yesterday.
Total coal power projects worth 62.23 GW are under various stages of construction. Out of this, there are 19.78 GW of central sector coal based projects, 18.72 GW of state sector power projects and 23.73 GW of total private sector projects.
All this comes at a time when the government is aiming at non-fossil fuel based power capacity to account for 40 per cent of India’s total energy mix by 2030. India has embarked on an ambitious target of 450 GW of renewable energy capacity by 2030.
“Simultaneous setting up of coal power plants of over 100 GW capacity is not likely to hinder the Paris Agreement goals. Based on the developmental needs of the country and requirement of power, the central, state governments and private sectors apply for the grant of environmental clearance for setting up of coal-based power plants to the MoEFCC,” said Supriyo in a written response to parliament yesterday.
He added that as per the guidelines of environmental impact assessment (EIA) notification, 2006 and amendment thereof, the projects are appraised in the ministry and environmental clearance is granted duly prescribing conditions for protection and preservation of environment.
In order to cut carbon emissions and to increase the share of renewables, the government has set a target of installing 175 GW of renewable energy capacity by the year 2022 which includes 100 GW from solar, 60 GW from wind, 10 GW from Biomass and 5 GW from Small Hydroelectric Projects.
So far, a total of 86.75 GW renewable energy capacity has been installed till February end, which includes 34.40 GW from solar, 37.67 GW from wind, 10 GW from biomass and 4.68 GW from small hydroelectric projects in the country.