The solar energy generation potential in a specific area can be assessed based on factors like availability of land, solar radiation etc. The National Institute of Solar Energy (NISE), an apex institute of Ministry of New & Renewable Energy (MNRE), has estimated the potential of solar power in the country to be around 750 GWp. However, India has just reached an aggregate installed capacity of grid-interactive solar energy at 34.6 GW as of March 31, 2020.
Here we look at the top ten states in terms of the estimated potential of solar power generation in India along with their installed capacity.
Rajasthan clinched the top position in the list of states with the highest estimated solar energy potential in the country. It is having an aggregate solar power potential of 142.31 gigawatts (GWp). While its total installed grid-connected solar energy generation capacity stood at merely 4,844.21 MW (or 4.8 GW approx) as on March 31, 2020. In recent times, the state has moved ahead with a more aggressive solar expansion plan, ensuring it remains a key contributor to the national goal of 100 GW solar by 2022.
2). Jammu & Kashmir
Jammu & Kashmir (Before the bifurcation of the state into two Union Territories of J&K and Ladakh) grabbed the second-highest position in the list of states having significant estimated potential for solar energy generation in India, and its total solar energy potential is estimated at 111.05 GWp.